阅读难题啃不下来,如何拿高分?

2019-04-18 14:41编辑: 大连环球教育人参与来自: 未知

   你也遇到提分瓶颈了嘛?或者也有着这样的苦恼?

  阅读短时间提升6分、8分、11分……为什么身边的同学伙伴都这么厉害?同样的基础,为什么“我”做不到?今天北美考试院为你答疑解惑。

  1.识别与突破瓶颈

  阅读提分瓶颈期有3个阶段,10分以下、15分左右、21分左右。以上分数,对应的复习阶段为夯实基础、方法系统化、篇章解构精细化(出题规律)。每个阶段分别是要突破的点都不同,联动成线,形成体系,自然会攻下高分。我们接下来就用实例来说明一下,每一个瓶颈的破解要点。

  2.实例说明

  (1)词汇你真的准备好了嘛?我们举个例子先,appreciate这个词汇我们都很熟悉,刷词汇书的时候,90%的同学都会秒答“欣赏,感激”。但是,当我们遇到这个词汇题的时候,是否觉得是题出错了?

  appreciate

  A.ignore

  B.understand

  C.find

  D.limit

  其实,appreciate还有“领会”的意思,所以上面的题目正确答案是B。类似的题目都能答对的同学,词汇是过关了的,也就基本属于冲刺25+的水平。当然,没有选对的同学,也不要灰心,至少我们清楚了词汇在阅读题目中要注意的情况。

  (2)句子真的读懂了嘛?题型方法也掌握好了?很多同学都喜欢说,老师,我觉得我读懂了,我也知道是什么题型,方法也用了,就是没选对。纳尼?你逗我呢嘛?一言不合就上题,来我们看看下面这道题1.5分钟之内能选对不?就算读懂,还有时间限制,如何达到心如止水、镇定自若的考试状态?

  Tradeand the Ancient Middle East

  Paragraph1: Tradewas the mainstay of the urban economy in the Middle East, as caravansnegotiated the surrounding desert, restricted only by access to waterand mountain ranges. This has been so since ancient times, partly dueto the geology of the area, which is mostly limestone and sandstone,with few deposits of metallic ore and other useful materials. Ancientdemands for obsidian (a black volcanic rock useful for making mirrorsand tools) led to trade with Armenia to the north, while jade forcutting tools was brought from Turkistan, and the precious stonelapis lazuli was imported from Afghanistan. One can trace suchexpeditions back to ancient Sumer, the earliest known Middle Easterncivilization. Records show merchant caravans and trading posts set upby the Sumerians in the surrounding mountains and deserts of Persiaand Arabia, where they traded grain for raw materials, such as timberand stones, as well as for metals and gems.

  1. According to paragraph 1, why has trade been so important throughoutthe history of the Middle East?

  Therare and valuable metals and stones found in Middle Eastern desertshave always been in high demand in surrounding areas.

  Growingconditions throughout the Middle East are generally poor, forcingMiddle Eastern people to depend on imported grain.

  Manyuseful and decorative raw materials cannot be found naturally in theMiddle East but are available from neighboring regions.

  Frequenttravel, due to limited water supplies in the Middle East, createdmany opportunities for trade with neighboring societies.

  在谜底揭晓前,我们先自己练习一下哟,一会再看看后面的分析,检测一下自己到底是句子理解遇到问题还是做题方法层面还未成体系。

  现在我们详细解析,根据我们北美考试院课堂小知识可知:

  1)此题为细节题;

  2)审题词是why,问贸易重要的原因;

  3)无有效定位词(多半重复标题);

  4)第一句mainstay“中流砥柱”=important,第二句dueto表示原因;

  5)答案范围:dueto thegeology of the area, which is mostly limestone and sandstone, withfew deposits of metallic ore and other useful materials

  6)总结理解:石头多,(金属等)有用材料少。

  7)分析选项:

  rare同时修饰金属和石头,根据第六步,本选项错误。错选A多为马虎。

  主干:growing conditions are poor,有的同学读懂了,但是却又进一步假设,将原文已知信息变为条件,“老师,那原文说石头多,就是不利于生长呗!”。我们一起来辨别,选择正确答案是要判断选项与原文答案句是否可以直接替换,也就是可否划等号,而不是把两句拼凑成一句看通不通顺。B项无关。

  好多同学看到many useful…materials就想直接排除了,而忽视了主干部分的cannot be found naturally,其实这句话就是有用材料not many“不多”的意思。人家正确着呢。

  limited water supplies是无关项。

  我们今天的分析就到这里啦,下次再为大家分享其他方面的应对策略。欢迎关注:weixin:托福君TOEFL。




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